The Romantic visionary dream, always in the future, is Beauty - the ultimate unity which is sporadically anticipated through holistic symbols of the ideal One. In Plato's Dialogues Truth as Beauty is likewise a coincidentia oppositorum, which as the God archetype is symbolically identical to the archetype of the self. For as the self is the "centre and circumference" of the psyche, so, according to St Bonaventure, is God, whose "centre is everywhere and whose circumference is nowhere.
Shelley connects the "beautiful and the good" as the poetical principle of order with poetry itself as the "centre and circumference" of knowledge. Furthermore, Shelley goes on to claim that poetry. It transmutes all that it touches, and every form. This "sleeping beauty," the latent quintessential, is the artistic equivalent of Wordsworth's "life" of things, and Keats' "ethereal" or "essence," which to Shelley is imaginatively extracted as "spirit. The contrast between the dynamic polarities of Romanticism and Heraclitus and the static conceptions characteristic of eighteenth-century empiricism underlies the distinction made by Blake and Coleridge between two kinds of opposites.
Coleridge distinguishes between "contraries," which are irreconcilable, logical contradictions and "opposites" that are complementary poles tending toward union. Blake's understanding of the complementarity of dynamic poles underscores the amorality of The Marriage of Heaven and Hell. It is only when the contraries emerge into consciousness that they present themselves as an opposed dualism.
Without Contraries is no progression. From these contraries spring what the religious call Good and Evil. Good is the passive that obeys Reason[. Good is Heaven. Evil is Hell. Further on "Reason" is equated with the "outward circumference of Energy. Energy, on the other hand, is the psychic energy or "libido," whose "active" nature is grounded in the morally neutral dynamism of the archetypes. The fact that polar opposites not only interact but also generate each other is the basis of the reversals of attitude which are conspicuous in Romantic poetry.
The catalytic potential of excess is inherent in the process of polarity, as Jung clarifies in Alchemical Studies :. In accordance with the principle of compensation which runs through the whole of nature, every psychic development, whether individual or collective, possesses an optimum which, when exceeded, produces an enantiodromia, that is, turns into its opposite.
In manifesting this principle of enantiodromia, psychic ontogeny thus recapitulates phylogeny, while its relation to personal intensity of feeling is summed up in Blake's Proverb of Hell: "Excess of sorrow laughs. Excess of joy weeps. That the entelechy of self and the teleology of process are given due regard by the Romantic poets illustrates an aspect of Romantic balance in that the unifying ideal is seen as immanent in the real. Alchemy itself conceals a Platonic bias since its focus of concern is toward the production of a unity; rather than seeking the Many in the One, the alchemical goal is the One underlying the Many.
Its affinities with Romanticism and Platonism are therefore founded upon the imagination's power to unfold the vision of the One. Coleridge coined the term "esemplastic," meaning "to shape into one" to denote this property of the imagination. Western alchemy's use of the language and symbolism of Platonism renders the rhizomic connection between the two fairly obvious. Undoubtedly the most important symbol connecting alchemy, Platonism and Romanticism is the sphere. In Platonic ontology the ultimate principle of unity, the One of Beauty, is a sphere.
The One corresponds to the Jungian self in that as the central principle of unity it is immanent in the archetypes yet cannot be equated with them, just as the One is immanent in the Platonic Forms yet is itself a supraordinate Form. The Forms in totality are thus a many in one and one in many, just as the diversity of the psyche is individuated into the One of the self.
Empedocles thus affirms that everything in the state of reconciled unity "is held fast in the close obscurity of Harmonia, a rounded Sphere rejoicing in its circular stillness. The derivation of alchemy from Platonism is grounded in the idea of the soul's return to its precarnate state of wholeness. In the same way as the soul descends from Being then rises through the dialectical ascent of becoming into a reclaimed unity, so the Stone through the alchemical ascent emerges from its "imprisonment" in matter as a reconstituted One.
Plotinus implies the equivalence of alchemy and Neoplatonism as recollected self-knowledge through the analogy that as gold is degraded by its immersion in the earth, so the immanent beauty of the soul is obscured through its imprisonment in matter. The conscious realisation of the self as anamnesis is therefore the recovery of a knowledge that is antecedent rather than cumulative; as Plato puts it, we can learn only what we already know, but do not yet know we know. Originally we were all born out of a world of wholeness and in the first years of life are still completely contained in it.
There we have all knowledge without knowing it. Later we lose it, and call it progress when we remember it again. The doctrine of anamnesis thus forms the basis of the Romantic tension between the real as transformation and the ideal as unity , the eternal and the temporal. While the descent from the ideal is analytic and is expressed as the tension of the opposites, the ascent to unity is the integration of the opposites in the uniting idea or symbol. Yeats apprehends the symbolic significance of the sphere as a reconciliation of opposites through stating that "the ultimate reality, symbolised by the Sphere, falls into human consciousness into a series of antinomies.
Wilson Knight's The Starlit Dome Perhaps the most memorable Romantic dome is the "pleasure-dome" of Coleridge's Kubla Khan - a symbol which, as Coleridge relates in the poem's preface - arose spontaneously from the unconscious in the context of a holistic vision. Furthermore the dome is associated with the synthesis of opposites:.
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A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice! Here the dualities of above and below, light and dark, movement and stillness, heat and cold, coexist in the unity generated by the dome. The alchemical Stone, then, is predictably a sphere: the aim of alchemical individuation is the reproduction of a unity, the Original Being, who in Platonic thought was a sphere. Further elucidation of the nature of the Stone is necessary to an appreciation of the significance of the quest for the feminine, which in Romantic poetry is repeatedly associated or identified with the Moon, silver, water and the emotional state of melancholia.
The Stone, like the Original Sphere, is androgynous in that the masculine-feminine duality as the primary pair of opposites symbolises the union of conscious and unconscious. Masculine consciousness is alchemically equivalent to the Sun or gold, while the unconscious depicts itself as the Moon or silver. Since in alchemy an initial hermaphroditic state is sublimated until it attains the recollected hermaphroditism of the Stone, so the path of individuation leads to a higher synthesis of conscious and unconscious in the self.
The Romantic quest for the feminine - predictably integral to Coleridge's hope for a "re-collection" of the dome in Kubla Khan - is directed toward the archetypal "sacred marriage," or hierosgamos, the central conjunction of the alchemical process. The alchemical marriage spontaneously amplifies into other symbolic dualities. The Romantic alchemical imagination interconnects many dualities which, apart from gold and silver, Sun and Moon, include the alchemical poles of light and dark, heaven and earth, above and below, spirit and matter, cold and hot, active and passive, life and death, mortal and immortal.
In the same letter in which he allegorises those of "genius" as transforming "ethereal Chemicals" he compares the imagination to "Adam's Dream - he awoke and found it truth. The cyclic transformation of the elements leading to the production of the quintessence as synonymous with the Original Being, corresponds to "spiritual repetition" which is the circumambulation of the self enacted by the tension of opposites.
In this respect the unconscious moves in a metaphoric spiral round a centre and so achieves a gradual approximation to the self, whose central point is a hypothetical ideal which, like the Stone, is never actually attained. In the Enneads he claims:. Every soul that knows its history is aware, also, that its movement, unthwarted, is not that of an outgoing line; its natural course may be likened to that in which a circle turns not upon some external but on its own centre, the point to which it owes its rise.
The soul's movement will be about its source; to this it will hold, poised intent towards that unity to which all souls should move. This self-circling process is often depicted as a spider in its web,  recalling Keats' analogy of the imagination's self-creation as being like a spider's weaving of its own "beautiful circuiting,"  which produces uniting symbols. It is toward the experience of a oneness transcending all opposites - within the self, socially, and as the harmony of Nature - that the Romantic quest for unity moves.
The elusiveness of the uniting ideal implies on a personal level the longing for the individuated self, as the correspondence between Neoplatonism, alchemy, Romanticism and Jungian individuation suggests. Since the ultimate union of opposites is never arrived at but is nonetheless anticipated through its totality symbolism, the archetypal inner marriage is never fully consummated. This deferral of wholeness surfaces in Romantic poetry as the elusiveness of a perfected union with the feminine. As well it underlies the self-betrayal of idealistic dreaming, such as occurs in Keats' Ode to a Nightingale and The Fall of Hyperion, the inability of the Romantic dream to be "earthed" into reality, and the sense of deception, loss, and disappointment that accompanies the perpetual elusiveness of the ideal.
Jung, Psychology and Alchemy , trans. Alchemists considered acids, especially Vitriol, as a kind of liquid fire that also was considered a process of Calcination. Vitriol is a thick green substance that forms from the weathering of sulfur-bearing rocks. It is a combination of iron and sulfuric acid that fascinated the alchemists.
Sulfuric acid became the fire that drove hundreds of chemical reactions. It is a powerful corrosive that eats away flesh and all metals except gold. Physiologically , the Fire of Calcination can be experienced as the metabolic discipline or aerobic activity that tunes the body, burning off excesses from overindulgence and producing a lean and efficient body.
Bodily Calcination begins in the Base or Lead Chakra at the sacral cup at the base of the spine. On the p lanetary level, it is the Fire of creation, the formation of a livable environment from molten matter and volcanic ashes. Psychologically, this operation involves the destruction of ego and our attachments to material possessions. Calcination is usually a natural humbling process as we are gradually assaulted and overcome by the trials and tribulations of life, though it can be a deliberate surrender of our inherent hubris gained through a variety of spiritual disciplines that ignite the fire of introspection and self- evaluation.
In s ociety , the Calcination is expressed in the lives of revolutionaries, conquerors, and other warriors who try to overthrow the status quo. Operation 2: Dissolution. The second ray of in the star of the Azoth points toward the King, and the operation here is directed toward masculine consciousness and signatures. This is the second rung on the Ladder of the Planets and is marked with the symbol that stands for both the metal tin and the planet Jupiter.
This ray is usually white or light blue in color. The second circle depicts the operation of Dissolution and shows the black crow watching itself dissolve before its eyes to reveal its white or purer part. Reflecting back from the pool of Dissolution is the white image of the Soul Bird, which is exposed during this operation.
This is still the Black Phase of alchemy, and the process of purification continues. In the outer ring next to the circle of Dissolution is the word Interiora , meaning the operation takes place in the interior or innermost parts. Images of Dissolution include retorts, tears, menstruation, floods, melting, orgies, Mother Nature, water springing from the earth, plants blooming with seven flowers, poisonous toads, the King swimming naked, the King and Queen sitting in a bath together, dark dragons, basilisks winged serpents , and demons guarding secret treasures.
Another image of Dissolution is the Sun and Moon surrounded by total darkness with a white bird descending from the sky. One frequent image of Dissolution is the Green Lion reaching up to devour the Sun. On the chemical level, the Green Lion is the purified Vitriol, the Aqua Regia acid that can dissolve even gold. In the laboratory , the second operation involves dissolving the ashes from Calcination in water, acid, or other solution.
Also will he resolve his body and carry it far through moisture. Psychologically , Dissolution represents a further breaking down of the artificial structures of the psyche by total immersion in the unconscious, the rejected part of our consciousness. Within the alchemist, the dissolving Water of Dissolution can take the form of dreams, voices, visions, and strange feelings which reveal a less ordered and less rational world existing simultaneously with our everyday life.
During Dissolution, the conscious mind lets go of control to allow the surfacing of buried material and tied up energy. Dissolution can be experienced as "flow," the bliss of being well-used and actively engaged in creative acts without personal hang-ups or established hierarchy getting in the way.
In s ociety , the process of steady growth through gradual Dissolution is exemplified by monastic, nature-based, or agrarian lifestyles. Physiologically , Dissolution is the continuance of the kundalini experience, the opening-up of energy channels in the body to recharge and elevate every single cell.
Dissolution takes place in the Genital or Tin Chakra and involves changes in the lungs and spleen. On the p lanetary level, Dissolution is the Great Flood, the cleansing of the earth of all that is inferior. Operation 3: Separation. The third ray of the Azoth points toward the torch of Fire and is marked with the cipher signifying both the metal iron and the planet Mars. This ray is usually colored red or orange and is also marked with a smaller symbol denoting Sulfur. Iron and sulfur come together chemically in Vitriol or sulfuric acid, the aggressive and biting liquid fire of the alchemists.
The third circle shows the operation of Separation in which the black, earthbound Soul Bird splits into two white birds that retrieve the saved remains of Calcination and Dissolution. This is the first coming together of soul and spirit, and the newly acquired vantage point allows the discernment of what is worthy of being saved from the previous two operations. At this stage, the saved elements are pure but opposite and were often seen at war or struggling with each other. It can be a tortuous time that demands will and determination.
To keep the fighting essences alive yet separate, the alchemists made use of ascending and purifying operations associated with Air. Therefore, the third step is called Our Separation. Images for the Separation process include filter funnels, piles of sand or dirt, knights wielding swords, the caduceus as a weapon, divorce, dismemberment, surgery, splitting of the Red Sea, breaking apart of heaven and earth, scenes from the Apocalypse, and complicated geometric diagrams such as the Squaring of the Circle. Alchemical engravings often show white birds taking flight at this stage, sometimes with images of fire, destruction, and a blackened earth below symbolizing the results of the earlier operations.
Another popular image is that of a youthful Hermes or Mercury wearing full armor and trying to separate the arguing King and Queen, like a teenaged boy in a family dispute. Laboratory Separation is the isolation of the components of Dissolution by filtration or fractional distillation and then discarding any impure or unworthy material. It is the isolation of the desired components from the previous two purification operations Calcination and Dissolution. In the laboratory, the components of the polluted solution from Dissolution are separated out by filtration, cutting, settling, or agitation with air.
Any dead or unworthy material is then discarded. Psychologically , this process is the rediscovery of our essence and the reclaiming of dream and visionary "gold" previously rejected by the masculine, rational part of our minds. It is, for the most part, a conscious process in which we review formerly hidden material and decide what to discard and what to reintegrate into our refined personality.
Much of this shadowy material is things we are ashamed of or were taught to hide away by our parents, churches, and schooling. Separation is letting go of the self-inflicted restraints to our true nature, so we can shine through. The process of Separation retrieves the frozen energy released from the breaking down of habits and crystallized thoughts assumptions, beliefs, and prejudices and hardened feelings emotional blockages, neuroses, and phobias.
This misspent energy is now available to drive our spiritual transformation. In Society , Separation is expressed as the establishment of clans, cities, and nationalities. Physiologically , Separation is following and controlling the breath in the body as it works with the forces of Spirit and Soul to give birth to new energy and physical renewal.
Separation begins in the Navel or Iron Chakra located at the level of the solar plexus. Separation on the p lanetary level is represented by the formation of landmasses and islands from the powerful forces of Air, Water, Earth, and Fire. Operation 4: Conjunction. The fourth ray of the Azoth points to the area at the top of the drawing where the right wing of the Ascended Essence touches the salamander wallowing in flames.
The ray is marked with the single symbol for both copper and Venus and is usually colored green or yellow-green. The fourth circle depicts the twin birds of soul and spirit leaving the earth together, lifting a five-spiked crown the Fifth Element or Quintessence recovered from the preceding operations into heaven or the realm of spirit. At this point in the Work, only the purest and most genuine parts of the substance to be transformed remain in the vessel. The goal of the Conjunction operation is to recombine these saved elements into a whole new incarnation.
It is truly a sacred process. Solar consciousness is intellectual and relies on rational thought; lunar consciousness is feeling based and taps into non-rational sources of information like psychic impressions and intuition. After this Marriage of the Mind, the initiate experiences an increase in intuitive insight and the birth of Intelligence of the Heart. This newly found faculty produces a sense of reality superior to either thought or feeling alone. Conjunction is more than a simple marriage however. It is actually an alchemical crucifixion in which the substance at hand or the alchemist is nailed or fixed on a cross between the Vertical Axis of reality and the Horizontal Axis of reality.
In the vertical orientation, Conjunction is the attempted union of the forces of spirit Above and matter Below. As can been seen in the Azoth drawing, Conjunction is really a turning point from working with the first three operations Below in matter and working with the last three operations Above in spirit. In the horizontal orientation of left and right, the Conjunction is an attempt to balance the masculine consciousness of the King with the feminine consciousness of the Queen.
In fact, it is the alchemical crucifixion at the center of the vertical and horizontal realities that makes Conjunction the most significant operation in alchemy. Images of horizontal Conjunction include the fruitful earth, sexual intercourse, rams and satyrs, double-chambered furnaces athanors , glue or tape binding opposing entities, two streams coming together in one stream, Janus or double-faced people, people wearing crowns, and the hermaphrodite, Often engravings show the King and Queen in reconciliation at this stage, with Hermes or Mercury joining them an embrace or handshake.
In some of these drawings, Hermes is shown with a wry smile or even with two faces. This is a subtle revelation that the Conjunction is really a good-natured ruse by the notorious trickster, who knows that both the King and Queen must die or sacrifice their identities in the marriage to produce the Child of the Philosophers, which is all Hermes really cares about.
Images of the vertical Conjunction include the Ladder of the Planets, seven stars on an object inclined upwards, and rainbows the seven colors in harmony. Other images are a white bird descending into flames, a bird chained to an earthbound animal, the Red Lion partly disappearing into a sphere, or stylized representations of the union of Fire and Water. Carl Jung suggested that angels coming down from heaven and the landing of UFOs were also images of vertical Conjunction, in the obvious sense of the union between the powers Above with the powers Below.
In the laboratory , the operation of Conjunction is the recombination of the saved elements from Separation into a new substance. Often this was a forced marriage done by fusing or amalgamating metals or by mixing saved components in a new chemical reaction by the addition of a temporary mediator such as an acid or a catalyst.
Conjunction takes place in the body at the level of the Heart or Copper Chakra. On the p lanetary level, Conjunction occurs when primordial life forms are created from the energy of the Sun or lightning. It began with certain aversions, and ended — we being unable to grasp eternity at the moment — with a confusion of perfumes, laughter of children, discretion of slaves, austerity of virgins, dread of earthly things and beings — holy be ye held by the memory of that evening!
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It began with every sort of boorishness; it ended with angels of flame and ice. Little evening of intoxication, blessed be you! Rule and method, we are your champions! We do not forget how last night you glorified each one of us, young and old. We have faith in your poison. We know how to sacrifice our entire life every day. The famed 19th century Russian born mystic, world traveler, feminist, Theosophical Society co-founder, and author of occult classics I sis Unveiled and The Secret Doctrine , Helena Petrova Blavatsky is also reputed to have been a user of cannabis:.
She [Blavatsky] wrote, sometimes under the influence of hashish, several books filled with esoteric lore, which owed a great deal to Hindu and Buddhist systems of thought, and brought to public awareness in the West such concepts as karma, prana, kundalini, yoga and reincarnation. Rawson, a close friend of Blavatsky for over forty years, stated concerning her relationship with cannabis:. She had tried hasheesh in Cairo with success, and she again indulged in it in this city under the care of myself and Dr. Edward Sutton Smith, who had had a large experience with the drug among his patients at Mount Lebanon, Syria.
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My experiences are as real as if they were ordinary events of actual life. I have the explanation. It is a recollection of my former existences, my previous incarnations. It is a wonderful drug and it clears up profound mystery. Ronald K. Siegel, Ph. Some subjects find it impossible to describe all that happens; others describe a panoramic review of their lives, encounters with departed spirits, celestial music, and profound visions and thoughts. Geometrically sculpted images introduce themes of cosmic importance.
The visions evaporated. It was about the time that I got the hashish from the gypsy, who had a quantity he did not want. It takes one literally out of oneself. It is like wings. You swoop over distant countries and into other worlds. Once I found out the secret of the universe. I have forgotten what it was, but I know that the Creator does not take Creation seriously, for I remember he sat in Space with all His work in front of him and laughed.
kindersportabzeichen.de/components/160-antibitico-zithromax-mejor.php I have seen incredible things in fearful worlds. As it is your imagination that takes you there, so it is only by your imagination can you get back. Once out in the aether I met a battered, prowling spirit, that had belonged to a man whom drugs had killed a hundred years ago; and he led me into a region that I had never imagined; and we parted in anger beyond the Pleiades, and I could not imagine my way back.
And somehow I imagined my way back, and only just in time, for my body was already stiffening in a chair in my room; and the fire had gone out and everything was cold, and I had to move each finger one by one, and there were pins and needles in them, and dreadful pains in the nails, which began to thaw; and at last I could move one arm, and reached a bell, and for a long time no one came because everyone was in bed. Through the ages we found this one constant story. Stripped of its local chronological accidents, it usually came to this — the writer would tell of a young man, a seeker after hidden Wisdom, who, in one circumstance or another, meets an adept; who, after sundry ordeals, obtains from the said adept, for good or ill, a certain mysterious drug or potion, with the result at least of opening the gate of the other world.
Such little fruit, then, as I may have culled from her autumnal breast mere unripe berries, I confess! I hasten to offer to my friends. In order to keep this paper within limits, I may premise that the preparation and properties of Cannabis indica can be studied in the proper pharmaceutical treatises, though, as this drug is more potent psychologically than physically, all strictly medical accounts of it, so far as I am aware, have been hitherto both meager and misleading.
Deeper and clearer is the information to be gained from the brilliant studies by Baudelaire , unsurpassed for insight and impartiality, and Ludlow, tainted by admiration of de Quincey and the sentimentalists…. Crowley had what he felt was his most transformational experience while under the influences of hashish. Crowley initiate d famed science fiction writer H. Wells into the mysteries of hashish , and philosopher and psychedelic pioneer Aldous Huxley into the visionary experience of peyote in a Berlin hotel room. Most, although not all, Western occultists who have taken a favorable attitude towards the use of consciousness-altering drugs have been influenced by Aleister Crowley.
There is no record of Crowley ever having used Amanita muscaria , fly agaric, but there is some slight evidence that he may have known of its consciousness-altering properties. III, of his magazine The Equinox. In the background of the painting is portrayed an ecstatic woman dancer; in the foreground stands a dead tree, from a branch of which a corpse is suspended by the neck — a common symbol of the transition from one state of conscious to another.
From behind the tree peers a grinning nature spirit, standing guard over what are quite clearly both the common and the rarer gold varieties of Amanita. Jones, a chemist and student of pharmacology who introduced Crowley to the Golden Dawn. It seems at least possible that the implication of this is that Jones had known of the properties of Amanita and had introduced Crowley to them. If Jones had been a participant in these experiments, as was, quite certainly, Alan Bennett of the golden Dawn, it is possible that his curiosity concerning hallucinogens had been aroused by his reading of alchemical and magical literature, of which he was a dedicated student — there are passages in such works as The Magus and Theatrum Chemicum Brittanicum which I think refer to processes designed to extract hallucinogens from plant and animal substances.
In T he Book of Thoth this poetic and cabalistic essay appears on page there is a Cabalistic joke there. The Kabala , also called the Qabala and Cabala , is a complicated esoteric Judaic book of symbolism dealing with the creation and evolution of humanity. One of the sephiroth, knowledge , is the invisible sephirah and is not pictured in diagrams. The Sephiroth are said to represent objective emanations of God and points for the aspirant to aim for.
They are connected by 22 paths that are the subjective connections between the Sephiroth. These paths refer to the states of mind that connect the Sephiroth. Everything in creation is thought to be emanations from the ten different Sephiroth. Each Sephiroth has a color, planet, metal, perfume, plant, etc.
A single word in a Cabalistic document can tell a whole story. When you are walking down the street and every license plate seem part of a continuous message — one endless narrative — you are thinking like a very advanced theoretical Cabalist.
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